Chaque année, MECAM offre à trois chercheurs de son réseau la possibilité de se rendre dans l’une de ses institutions partenaires en Allemagne pour une durée maximale de trois mois, dans le cadre du programme “Germany Research Visits”. Cela leur donne l’occasion de présenter leurs travaux de recherche à un nouveau public, d’utiliser les infrastructures locales et d’élargir leurs réseaux.

Dr. Adel Karaa

Date de la visite: du 19 novembre 2023 au 22 décembre 2023 (Philipps-Universität Marburg)

Dr Adel Karaa est professeur de Méthodes quantitatives à l’Institut supérieur de gestion – Université de Tunis, et membre du Comité National de Recrutement des Professeurs Titulaires et Associés en Méthodes Quantitatives en Tunisie. Il occupe également le poste de directeur de l’école doctorale de sciences de gestion et informatique de gestion de l’ISGT-ESSECT-TBS, Université de Tunis.

Activités:

  • Conférence sur le thème «Towards an Integrated Model of the Mediating Effect of the Process of Individual Perceptions on the Relationship between Job Quality and Mobility Intentions» dans le cadre du MACIE Research Seminar (Marburg Center for Institutional Economics) le 30 novembre 2023

Projet réalisé pendant la visite:

Do better employment conditions reduce migration and professional mobility intentions among higher graduate workers in Tunisia? An integrated model of real and perceived job quality.

The aim of this research is to establish an analytical framework for a better comprehension of the phenomena of migration and occupational mobility (turnover), which are increasingly prevalent among young graduates in Tunisia. Faced with the general deterioration in working conditions and job quality in the country, many of young graduates are more and more enticed to seek opportunities elsewhere in the hope of finding better living conditions.

Based on individual data from a survey of a representative sample of 814 higher education graduates working in various sectors and covering all regions of Tunisia, the study used an appropriate theoretical and empirical approach to develop an integrated model that schematically represents the process of managing individual career trajectories in the face of the diverse working conditions and job quality. By retaining a wide range of characteristics (salary, type of contract, social security cover, working conditions, holidays, health insurance, working hours, etc.), empirical investigations have revealed the high degree of heterogeneity in the jobs held by young graduates. In this respect, a typology of jobs is established, showing the existence of five categories that differ according to employment status (salaried vs. self-employed), degree of informality and quality of (environment) working conditions.

The estimated results of the aforementioned model corroborate also the mediating role of the cognitive, affective and emotional dimensions in the relationship between the type of occupation (i.e. objective dimension) and the mobility intentions (i.e. conative dimension) among young graduate workers in Tunisia. One of the main practical implications of this research suggests the need for intervention policies aimed at improving employment conditions, workplace quality and organizational practices that are supportive of employee well-being.

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Photo Elizabeth Bishop

Dr. Elizabeth Bishop 

Date de visite: du 1er octobre 2023 au 30 novembre 2023 (Philipps-Universität Marburg)

Dr. Elisabeth Bishop a rejoint le département d’histoire de l’État du Texas en 2008, titulaire d’un doctorat de l’Université de Chicago. Elle a enseigné tant au niveau du premier cycle qu’au niveau des cycles supérieurs dans ses domaines d’expertise, à savoir l’histoire du Moyen-Orient, l’histoire arabe postcoloniale et l’histoire de la guerre froide. Vous pouvez consulter son profil ici.

Activités:

  • Conférence sur le thème «Ghosts of Empire in Algeria and Egypt», dans le cadre de séminaire intitulé «Comparative History of Ottoman and European Imperialism» (Nessim Znaien) le 8 novembre 2023
  • Conférence sur le thème « Cholera and Colonialism in the Maghrib: 1830-1837», dans le cadre du séminaire «History of the Epidemic, Hygiene and Care in the Maghreb» (Nessim Znaien) le 15 novembre 2023

Projet réalisé pendant la visite:

Under the slogan, “with diplomas, we will not make better corpses”, the UGEMA (L’Union générale des étudiants musulmans algériens) called an indefinite strike for 19 May 1956; this strike marked a turning point in Algeria’s national liberation struggle; with (and without) diplomas, organizers of the students’ strike became leaders for the new nation, eventually serving as cabinet ministers, diplomats, and general directors for the state petroleum company after independence. Understanding MECAM’s primary aim is to create a high-quality and flexible setting for peer-to-peer exchange and debate, I would complete revisions on a monograph regarding UGEMA which was active between 1955 and 1962. Research on this student organization after World War II relates directly to MECAM’s guiding theme “Imagining Futures: Dealing with Disparity” because the population estimate of 1955 introduced a term (“Français d’origine algérienne”) which represented a form of institutionalized disparity, and these students’ struggle for legal recognition brought them into the “imagined future” of the Front de libération nationale (FLN), which culminated in recognition of a République algérienne démocratique et populaire (RADP). Research on UGEMA also relates directly to MECAM’s IFG V, “Identities and Beliefs” because the students attained their legal status through France’s Law of Associations (1901), that guaranteed their administrative autonomy based on their cultural identity.

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